The School Education Department is the largest department consisting of Primary and Secondary stages, assumes grater significance and aims at imparting minimum and essential general education to all the children in the age group of 6-15 years and to equip them with necessary competencies to shape them as useful and productive citizens. Andhra Pradesh has adopted the national pattern of education i.e. 10+2+3. Out of 10 years of schooling, the first 5 years i.e. Classes I to V constitute the Primary stage, the next two years i.e., Class VI & VII the Upper Primary stage and the remaining 3 years i.e., Classes VIII to X, the Secondary stage.
Concerted efforts are made in all the schools in the State with a well-knitted field functionaries monitoring system to take the Education to the nearest place of residence of the school going aged children, even in remote, tribal and hillock areas.
Andhra Pradesh has attained 100% access by providing at-least One Primary School with in the reach of one kilo meter. Today any child in any part of Andhra Pradesh can access a school with in one kilometer radius.
The Government of Andhra Pradesh in the School Education Department is committed to providing quality education from Class I to X for all the school going age children in the State, including general and linguistic minorities, and other disadvantaged groups.
The main objectives of the School Education Department is:-
- Universalisation of Elementary Education
- Universalisation of Secondary Education
To meet the above objectives the department has taken up the following activities:
- To enroll all the children in the age group of 6-15 years
- To provide early childhood education to the children in the age group of 3-6 years
- To provide quality education up to class X
- To develop literary and numeric skills and social awareness in students
- To create scientific attitudes
- To promote cooperation, tolerance and self-control
- To promote vocational efficiency and productivity
- To develop among children the qualities of Social, industrial and cultural leadership.
- To prepare the children for higher education and to provide teacher education at Elementary and Secondary levels.
- Commissioner and Director of School Education at state Level assisted by the Senior Officers.
- There are five Regional Joint Directors of School Education (RJDSEs) in the State. There are three to six Districts under each Regional Joint Director of School Education.
- The RJDSEs supervise the work of the District Educational Officers / RJDSEs working under their control.
- They also conduct inspections of the officers of the District Educational Officers / Zilla Parishad Educational Officers / Colleges of Education under their jurisdiction.
- At district level, the District Educational Officer (DEO) is the Head of the District Educational Administration. The DEO is an Administrator, Inspecting Officer and an Academician.
- He is assisted by an Assistant Director in the Educational Administration of the District. Another Assistant Director to look after Legal & MDM issues.
- He is also assisted by one Assistant Commissioner for Government Examinations in the work relating to Public Examinations of VII and X Classes.
- Deputy Educational Officers (Dy.E.Os) are functioning at division level.
- Each Deputy Educational Officer inspects 50 to 60 High Schools and 5% of Upper Primary Schools in his jurisdiction.
- He reviews the inspection reports of Mandal Educational Officers and assists District Educational Officer in the conduct of VII & X Class Examinations and all other examinations conducted by the Department of School Education.
- Apart from the normal hierarchy, all the 22 Zilla Parishads have been provided with the posts of Parishad Educational Officers (PEOs, equivalent to Dy.E.O Post)
- They act as Representatives of the Education Department in Zilla Parishads and discharge all academic and administrative functions at the Zilla Parishad Level.
- After unification of service of teachers work has substantially came down.
- At Mandal Level, Mandal Educational Officers (MEOs) are the field functionaries.
- They are the Inspecting Officers for Primary and Upper Primary Schools in their Mandals.
- In order to strengthen the Mandal Level Education System, the posts of Mandal Educational Officers and Deputy Inspectors of Schools are upgraded to Gezetted cadre in 1998.